How to make Essential Oils
How to make your own Essential Oils
Step 1: Acquire a distilling unit. You are going to need a proper distilling unit. Obviously you can find instructions online to make your own, but for obvious reason we recommend purchasing a still from The Copper Still Company. Both the pot still and split-top units will work, but the rotating column on the split-top units will work better. You can put your plan materials in the upper column, separated from the water for an easy and more efficient extraction. The same reason our split-top units are great for moonshine, make them great for essential oils.
Step 2: Collect your materials. Fresh plant material is going to give you the best end result. If you can grow it yourself, fantastic! You will be able to harvest your plants at the best time, so do your research. If not you will have to rely on store bought plants and will not have any control if the plant is picked at the optimum time. Try to choose plats that have undamaged leaves and appear healthy overall. Avoid crushed or powdered plant material.
Step 3: Dry your plants. We recommend drying your plants so that you can fit more material inside your copper still. It will reduce the oil in each plant, so if you are low on plant materials you can skip this step if you so desire. Dry the plant slowly without direct sunlight preferably in the shade or inside an unlit room. The best drying methods vary from plant to plant, but it is very important to not over dry! It will remove to much of the plants oils. Also do not attempt to re-wet your plants before you distill the essential oils from them. Distill as soon as they are properly dried.
Step 4: Add water and materials in the copper still. Follow the recommended fill amount for your particular still, normally about 35% capacity, with fresh water preferably distilled or filtered. Pack in your plant material based on your still type. Either in the water with one of our copper pot stills, or in the upper rotating column on our split-top stills.
Step 5: Boil your material. Most plants release their oils right at boiling temperature (212 degrees Fahrenheit, 100 degrees Celsius). After a little bit you should start to see your distillate move through your still into your condenser and cool. Depending on the plant your are distilling, you may need to change water out periodically, so follow any instructions you may have for that particular plant.
Step 6: Filter and bottle. Once you are finished with distilling, you can pour your product through a cheesecloth or similar filter to remove any dirt or debris that may have followed your plant from the field and into your copper still, into the finished oil. Pour you oil into your storage container, please be very careful as the oil may still be hot. Use a very clean funnel for safety, and make sure whatever container you use has been cleaned very well. Stainless steel or dark glass make the most ideal containers.
NOTE: Mix with carrier oil before use. The most popular are grape seed oil and and almond oil. Because the essential oil is so concentrated, you can have a bad skin reaction if you apply if directly to you skin before mixing it with a carrier oil.